The Political Economy of Pakistan

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Political power in Pakistan has been concentrated in the hands of the bureaucratic military elite who were the British raj's successors. 

The main beneficiaries of independence!

The bureaucracy and military
The new class of industrial capitalistsl and
Land lords

Ruling elite class

The elite class education is predominantly Western, their organisational framework is British, and their working language is English. 

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Republic of 1%

Rulers of Pakistan come from one percent elitist of elites, who and whose children get education from Aitchison and Karachi grammar school.


Legislator represents their parties not common and unprivileged class of population.

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